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2013年SCI期刊和2013年EI期刊写作技巧,高水平论文写作技巧  

2013-03-04 22:10:09|  分类: 论文写作发表 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Have you ever struggled to write up your results into a publishable paper only to get it rejected? Richard Threlfall, Managing Editor, Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, gives some insider tips on how to improve each section of your article and increase your chances of getting published.

写了一篇好文章却没得到发表,你有过这种痛苦经历吗?Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry总编辑Richard Threlfall通过解析论文各部分应注意的问题,来帮助作者更好地投稿。第二部分:标题。


Titles

We're going to start right at the top with the title of your manuscript!


The title of a paper is important because it is one of the first things that an editor/reviewer/reader sees when they look at your manuscript. Therefore, it is important to grab their attention right away and give them an idea of why your paper is a scientific breakthrough! Be specific, not too technical, and concise.论文标题很重要,因为这是编辑、审稿人以及读者看文章时最先看到的部分。因此,一定要第一时间抓住他们的眼球,并且告诉他们你的论文有何突破。要简洁而具体,不能太曲高喝寡。

The other thing to consider is that internet and scientific search tools often search by manuscript title, so if you want to get your paper read and cited, it is important to get some of the key aspects of the research into the title. A good tip is to think which search terms you would use to find your own paper through a web search.另一方面要考虑的问题是一般学术搜索都是搜标题,所以如果希望自己的论文阅读和被引次数高一点,那就有必要将自己研究的关键部分放进标题。小提示:想想你在搜索自己论文时会用什么字段。


For a basic example, consider a (fictional) manuscript entitled "Effect of Metal Catalyst on the Outcome of Reactions with Aryl Alcohols".先看个例子,如果一篇论文标题是 "Effect of Metal Catalyst on the Outcome of Reactions with Aryl Alcohols".

What is the effect? Which metal? What reaction? What type of aryl alcohols? The editor/reviewer/reader get nothing but questions out of this title!有什么effect? 哪种metal?什么reaction?哪种aryl alcohols? 编辑、审稿人和读者从标题里什么都没读到,反而得到一堆问题!


Much better might be: "Ruthenium Trichloride is the Most Efficient Catalyst for C–H Activation with 2,4-Disubstituted Aryl Alcohols". 这个标题就好多了:"Ruthenium Trichloride is the Most Efficient Catalyst for C–H Activation with 2,4-Disubstituted Aryl Alcohols".

The editor/reviewer/reader immediately knows what the paper is about and will want to read more. Plus, someone who types in terms like "ruthenium", "C–H activation", or "2,4-disubstituted" into a search engine has a much higher chance of finding the second manuscript, but does not get any matches with the title of the first one.编辑、审稿人和读者一看就知道这篇文章写什么,会希望了解更多。如果有人用 "ruthenium", "C–H activation", 或是"2,4-disubstituted"来搜索文章,很大机会搜到的是第二篇。


Finally, avoid adding every detail from the paper into the title—the title shouldn't be confused with or replace an abstract. The most read and most cited articles often have short and simple titles.最后,千万别把什么细节都往标题里塞,标题可不能取代摘要。阅读和被引次数高的文章的标题往往都短小简单。

---------------------------

Have you ever struggled to write up your results into a publishable paper only to get it rejected? Richard Threlfall, Managing Editor, Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, gives some insider tips on how to improve each section of your article and increase your chances of getting published.

写了一篇好文章却没得到发表,你有过这种痛苦经历吗?Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry总编辑Richard Threlfall通过解析论文各部分应注意的问题,来帮助作者更好地投稿。第四部分:引言。

引言与简明扼要的摘要有所不同,读者需要从引言了解你研究的背景,还有更重要的,他们需要知道为什么你的研究很重要。你的研究提出了什么关键问题?为什么读者应该有兴趣读下去?

 

很多来稿都以这样的句子开头:"X structure is ubiquitous in natural products and it is also important in medicinal chemistry."

这句话说得是没错,但它能抓到读者的注意吗?为什么X在医药化学中很重要?它存在于哪种天然产品中?X做了什么Y所不能做的?向读者说明这些问题十分重要,因为这样他们才能了解你研究的重要性。但是另一方面,也要避免过分武断,比如"this is a potential cure for all cancers"(除非事实如此, 不然你千万不能这么说!)

 

还应该避免把引言写成小型综述。作为一个科研人员,你应该能够从浩如烟海的文献中挑出与自己的研究工作最相关的内容,并且予以解释。这可以向编辑、审稿人和读者表明你对自己的研究领域有了解,并且能直击重要问题。

 

很多人会以宽泛的语句开头,然后逐渐将主题 缩小到自己的研究领域。这并不一定是错的,但你为什么要费时间去说不相关的内容呢?例如:如果你要写关于C-H活化作用的内容,应该避免这样说:"C–H activation has been heavily studied in the past decade.[1a-y]",还在参考文献1a-y中列举大量不同的C-H活化作用实例。

 

大家都知道C-H活化作用已经被很多人研究过了,知道已经有成千上万的例子。你最好是能直接把读者的注意力拉到你真正想研究的问题上去。试想一下,如果你的引言能这样开头:"Among many examples of C–H activation, such reactions at the C5 position of X compounds have not been extensively studied. This is because ..."

 

在这个例子里,你只用了一两句话就展示出你对自己的研究领域很熟悉,这多棒!

 

别忘了编辑或审稿人开始看你文章的时候,给他们的第一印象也是很重要的。因此,告诉他们你的项目有多么激动人心,才是你应该做的。

 

----------------------------

 

写了一篇好文章却没得到发表,你有过这种痛苦经历吗?Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry总编辑Richard Threlfall通过解析论文各部分应注意的问题,来帮助作者更好地投稿。第一部分:如何写好投稿信。

 

The Cover Letter

Often overlooked in submissions, your cover letter is your chance to talk directly to the editor and to highlight all the most important results of your research. It can either make a great first impression or leave the editor uninspired, so it is a fantastic opportunity to make the editor sit up and take notice of your paper!

 

It is a very bad idea to submit a cover letter that just says:先举个不好的例子来瞧瞧:

 

Dear Editor,
We are submitting our manuscript for consideration in your journal. It is not under consideration for publication anywhere else.
Sincerely
A. Author

 

An even worse idea is not to submit a cover letter at all (which does happen)!有的人甚至根本不写投稿信(真的有这种事发生)!

 

Much like an introduction, a good cover letter explains to the editor the critical question your research addresses, how you have answered this question, and why it is of significance to the wider community.好的投稿信应该向编辑说清楚作者研究的是什么问题,研究的结论是什么以及这个问题为什么值得发表。

 

Consider the basic examples below:看看下面这个例子:

 

Dear Editor,
Compound X has interesting biological and pharmaceutical activity. We made some improvements over a previous synthesis and believe it has wider applications in organic chemistry.
Sincerely
A. Author

A letter like this poses more questions than it answers for the editor. A better start might be:这只会把编辑弄晕,好的投稿信应该是下面这样的:

 

Compound X is a potent anticancer agent. However, up until now, it could only be isolated in small amounts from Plantius planticus. Our total synthesis gives compound X in 99 % yield by …

or

We have synthesized catalyst A, which is 75 % more efficient than catalysts B and C for the industrially important hydrolysis of Y. This improvement in efficiency is caused by …

 

Technical details (where appropriate) will add to the editor's understanding of your paper, but be careful not to put in an overwhelming set of numbers or to exaggerate.适当地写一些研究细节可以增加编辑对文章的了解,不过可别用得太多,也别夸大。

 

Lastly, suggest referees whether the journal requires you to or not. This shows you have a good knowledge of your field.最后,记得推荐几个审稿人,不管那本刊是不是要求你推荐,这显得你比较内行。

 

The best cover letters are concise and give a clear explanation of the advances and discoveries made in the course of the research. Remember, journals receive many papers per day and editors see hundreds of manuscripts per year, so take every opportunity you can to get your work noticed!最好的投稿信往往能能简单明了地概括作者的最新发现与取得的研究成果。编辑们每天面对的是成百上千的稿件,所以不要忽视投稿信这个小环节,它有机会让你脱颖而出哦!

 

-------------------------------

 

写了一篇好文章却没得到发表,你有过这种痛苦经历吗?Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry总编辑Richard Threlfall通过解析论文各部分应注意的问题,来帮助作者更好地投稿。第三部分:摘要。

设想你有二十秒的时间向不熟悉你研究领域的科研人员说明你已经进行了数月或数年的项目,你应该试着告诉他们一个或两个主要成果,而不应阐述过多的技术细节。这就是一个写摘要的好思路。

 摘要应尽可能简短而并不是填充细节。你应该在第一句就抓住读者的注意力,可以加入少量最重要的细节,结尾句要概括中心思想。这就如同新闻稿件,你们看报纸上的新闻通常会将最重要信息放在第一句,后文才是详细内容。这是写摘要的好办法,把你写的内容当作给科研人员看的新闻。

 在用关键词搜索论文时,检索引擎和索引服务工具通常只会搜索摘要。而当你的文章出现在搜索结果中时,通常最先显示的也是摘要。由此来看,你应确保摘要和标题中存在多个关键词,从而使你的文章尽可能被搜索到。

 好的摘要应简洁明了,能说明研究的主要成果但不要用过多的研究技术性细节困扰读者你需要调动读者,使其有足够的兴趣将整篇文章读完在阅读的过程中他们自然会去了解你的研究细节。写摘要是科研人员的一项重要技能,这个技能还适于于会议、基金申请和面试,因此,多花点时间认真思考如何写出好摘要吧!

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